Different File Types and When To Use Them

Once one is done creating a project, he must save it under a certain file type. In order to save the project under the right format, he must know what the difference between each file type.

PNG: The portable network graphics (PNG) file is a GIF file type, which is a compressed file used to increase transfer speed over the internet. However, PNG files are used  to preserve transparency in a picture. PNG files are large files, so because of this, it is only logical to use them when transparency is required in a picture.

JPEG: JPEG, or joint photographic experts group, is the most supported picture file type there is, therefore, anyone can open a JPEG without problems doing so. However, JPEG files cannot store transparency in photos, but that’s what PNG’s are for! For top quality on a JPEG image, save it at the maximum quality.

PDF: A portable document format (PDF) is created using Adobe programs similar to Adobe Acrobat. PDF files are most useful for documents with both text and images, like magazine articles because PDF’s allow one to preserve the original graphic appearance online and can contain multiple page images.

EPS: Encapsulated Postscript, a file extension used for Adobe Illustrator to save vector-based images.

TIFF: Tagged image file format is used for saving and exchanging raster images between multiple computer programs. This format is primarily used for faxing, 3D applications, and desktop publishing.

MPEG: Motion picture experts group files are used for encoding audio, text, and graphical data. These files contain compressed audio and video information and were designed to store audio on compact discs and digital audio tapes.

ASCII: Often called a plain text file, these files are those that have been processed with a word processor.

MIDI: Musical instrument digital interface files are those that allow technologies such as computers and instruments to interact with one another.

AVI: Audio video interleaved files contain audio and video content and are used to playback the video with the audio playing in the background.

WAV: Waveform audio file format is the standard audio file for Microsoft when

JPG: JPEG compliant image is a JPEG file extension that is used interchangeably with JPEG files.


Archambault, Michael. “5 Common File Types in Photography and When You Should Use Each One.” N.p., 23 Sept. 2015. Web. 25 Oct. 2016.
“MPEG File Format Summary.” N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2016.
Vance, John. “Portable Document Format (PDF).” N.p., May 2010. Web. 25 Oct. 2016.

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